Bicycle Accident Statistics by State in the USA

Last updated on June 26th, 2018

Most Dangerous Cities for Cyclists in the USA

On the basis of cyclist fatality rate per million people, here are the most dangerous cities for cyclists in the USA for 2015 (source).

City State Cyclist Fatality per Million
Albuquerque New Mexico 8.9
Tucson Arizona 7.5
Las Vegas Nevada 6.4
Phoenix Arizona 5.1
San Jose California 4.9
Columbus Ohio 4.7
San Francisco California 4.6
Memphis Tennessee 4.6
Philadelphia Pennsylvania 4.5
Los Angeles California 4.0

 

Bicycle Fatality rate in the Cities of the USA in 2015

In this statistical analysis, we will see the bicycle fatality rate in the cities of USA in the year 2015. Albuquerque has the highest bicycle fatality rates with around 8.94 cyclist fatality rate per million. Tucson holds the second position with 7.52 cyclist fatality rate per million. Boston, El Paso, Oklahoma City and Nashville has no bicycle fatality report in the year 2015. Indianapolis has the cyclist fatality rate 1.17 per million and Dallas has the lowest fatality rate which is 0.77 cyclist fatalities per million in the year 2015.

Source: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/Publication/812382

This data table shows the population, total traffic fatalities, cyclist fatalities, the percentage cyclist fatalities.

City Resident Population Total Traffic Fatalities Cyclist Fatalities Percentage of Cyclist Traffic Fatalities Total fatality Rate per million Cyclist fatality rate per million
San Francisco 864,816 38 4 10.5% 43.94 4.63
Albuquerque 559,121 56 5 8.9% 100.16 8.94
San Jose 1,026,908 64 5 7.8% 62.32 4.87
Philadelphia 1,567,442 93 7 7.5% 59.33 4.47
Los Angeles 3,971,883 224 16 7.1% 56.40 4.03
Columbus 850,106 57 4 7.0% 67.05 4.71
Las Vegas 623,747 58 4 6.9% 92.99 6.41
Fresno 520,052 15 1 6.7% 28.84 1.92
Tucson 531,641 64 4 6.3% 120.38 7.52
Chicago 2,720,546 121 7 5.8% 44.48 2.57
Portland 632,309 36 2 5.6% 56.93 3.16
New York 8,550,405 241 13 5.4% 28.19 1.52
Washington 672,228 23 1 4.3% 34.21 1.49
Phoenix 1,563,025 193 8 4.1% 123.48 5.12
Denver 682,545 51 2 3.9% 74.72 2.93
Seattle 684,451 26 1 3.8% 37.99 1.46
San Diego 1,394,928 95 3 3.2% 68.10 2.15
Memphis 655,770 102 3 2.9% 155.54 4.57
Charlotte 827,097 69 2 2.9% 83.42 2.42
Baltimore 621,849 35 1 2.9% 56.28 1.61
San Antonio 1,469,845 155 4 2.6% 105.45 2.72
Louisville/Jefferson County metropolitan area 615,366 80 2 2.5% 130.00 3.25
Jacksonville 868,031 125 3 2.4% 144.00 3.46
Houston 2,296,224 211 5 2.4% 91.89 2.18
Austin 931,830 105 2 1.9% 112.68 2.15
Milwaukee 600,155 67 1 1.5% 111.64 1.67
Fort Worth 833,319 83 1 1.2% 99.60 1.20
Indianapolls 853,173 95 1 1.1% 111.35 1.17
Detroit 677,116 130 1 0.8% 191.99 1.48
Dallas 1,300,092 174 1 0.6% 133.84 0.77
El Paso 681,124 50 0 0.0% 73.41 0.00
Boston 667,137 14 0 0.0% 20.99 0.00
Nashville-Davidson metropolitan area 654,610 66 0 0.0% 100.82 0.00
Oklahoma 631,346 86 0 0.0% 136.22 0.00

 

State wise Bicycle Fatality rate in the USA in 2015

In 2015 a large number of cycling fatalities occurred in Florida (150) and California (129). But if we consider fatality in the percentage of total accidents, Vermont sits in the 1st position.

This map depicts the cycling fatality rate state wise for 2015.

Source: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/Publication/812382.

Sate Resident Population (thousand) Total Traffic Fatalities Cyclist Fatalities Percentage of Cyclist Fatalities Cyclist Fatalities per Million Population
Vermont 626 57 4 7.0% 6.4
Florida 20,271 2,939 150 5.1% 7.4
Louisiana 4,671 726 34 4.7% 7.3
Dist of Columbia 672 23 1 4.3% 1.5
California 39,145 3,176 129 4.1% 3.3
Michigan 9,923 963 33 3.4% 3.3
Arizona 6,828 893 29 3.2% 4.3
New York 19,796 1,121 36 3.2% 1.8
New Jersey 8,958 562 18 3.2% 2.0
Nevada 2,891 325 10 3.1% 3.5
Massachusetts 6,794 306 9 2.9% 1.3
Wisconsin 5,771 566 15 2.7% 2.6
New Hampshire 1,331 114 3 2.6% 2.3
Illinois 12,860 998 26 2.6% 2.0
Washington 7,170 568 14 2.5% 2.0
Minnesota 5,490 411 10 2.4% 1.8
Colorado 5,457 546 13 2.4% 2.4
Delaware 946 126 3 2.4% 3.2
New Mexico 2,085 298 7 2.3% 3.4
Ohio 11,613 1,110 25 2.3% 2.2
Maryland 6,006 513 11 2.1% 1.8
Hawaii 1,432 94 2 2.1% 1.4
Virginia 8,383 753 15 2.0% 1.8
Utah 2,996 276 5 1.8% 1.7
Oregon 4,029 447 8 1.8% 2.0
North Carolina 10,043 1,379 23 1.7% 2.3
South Carolina 4,896 977 16 1.6% 3.3
Nebraska 1,896 246 4 1.6% 2.1
Georgia 10,215 1,430 23 1.6% 2.3
Iowa 3,124 320 5 1.6% 1.6
Indiana 6,620 821 12 1.5% 1.8
Texas 27,469 3,516 50 1.4% 1.8
Pennsylvania 12,803 1,200 16 1.3% 1.3
Connecticut 3,591 266 3 1.1% 0.8
Alabama 4,859 849 9 1.1% 1.9
Tennessee 6,600 958 10 1.0% 1.5
Missouri 6,084 869 9 1.0% 1.5
Oklahoma 3,911 643 6 0.9% 1.5
Kentucky 4,425 761 7 0.9% 1.6
Kansas 2,912 355 3 0.8% 1.0
North Dakota 757 131 1 0.8% 1.3
South Dakota 858 133 1 0.8% 1.2
Mississippi 2,992 677 5 0.7% 1.7
Arkansas 2,978 531 3 0.6% 1.0
Montana 1,033 224 1 0.4% 1.0
West Virginia 1,844 268 1 0.4% 0.5
Alaska 738 65 0 0.0% 0.0
Idaho 1,655 216 0 0.0% 0.0
Maine 1,329 156 0 0.0% 0.0
Rhode Island 1,056 45 0 0.0% 0.0
Wyoming 586 145 0 0.0% 0.0

 

Gender wise Fatality rate in 2015

According to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in 2015 the male fatality rate was 6 times higher than females. Near about 85% male cyclists were killed in 2015. The largest number of fatality rate in 2015 was found for the age of 55-59 years old and for this age, the fatality rate for the male is 8.68 (per thousand) and for the female, it is 1.43 (per thousand).

The statistic shows the fatality rate in comparison of male and female by age and gender in 2015.

Source: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/Publication/812382

Age(years) Male Fatality Rate (per thousand) Female Fatality Rate (per thousand)
<5 0.59 0
5–9 0.76 0.2
10–14 2.19 0.49
Children (≤14) 1.19 0.23
15–19 3.98 0.39
20–24 3.34 1.08
25–29 3.33 0.63
30–34 3.77 1.02
35–39 3.74 0.59
40–44 5.28 0.98
45–49 6.87 0.76
50–54 7.94 1.06
55–59 8.68 1.43
60–64 7.57 0.9
65–69 4.87 1.53
70–74 4.15 0.65
75–79 3.88 0
80+ 2.4 0.13
People ≥65 3.98 0.67

 

Gender wise Injury rate in 2015

According to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in 2015 the male injury rate was 4 times higher than females. Near about 80% male cyclists were injured in 2015. The highest number of injured males are in the group of 15-19 where the injury rate is 413 (per thousand). For the female, the highest number of injured cyclist were found in the group of 20-24 aged people where the injury rate was 173 (per thousand).

The statistic shows the injury rate in comparison to male and female of different ages in 2015.

Source: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/Publication/812382.

Age (years) Male Injury Rate (per thousand) Female Injury Rate (per thousand)
<5 - -
5–9 102 -
10–14 363 -
Children (≤14) 160 -
15–19 413 92
20–24 258 173
25–29 354 63
30–34 145 123
35–39 311 -
40–44 227 -
45–49 300 50
50–54 254 51
55–59 274 -
60–64 233 -
65–69 111 -
70–74 101 -
75–79 - -
80+ - -
People ≥65 95 -

 

Cyclist Fatalities by Time of Day and Day of Week

According to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, it is an alarming information that during the weekend at 6 p.m. to 8.59 p.m. the cyclist fatality rate is so much high. Because near about 30% cyclist fatality occurred at that time. Again, 4% of cyclist fatalities occurred between 6 a.m. and 8.59 a.m. at the weekend which is the lowest in the weekend’s analysis.

The highest fatalities in weekdays occurred in between 3:00 p.m. -5.59 p.m. which is 24%. 4% is the lowest fatalities occurred on weekdays which happens in between Midnight to 2:59 a.m.

The statistic shows us the percentage of cyclist fatalities by the time of day and day of the week in 2015.

Source: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/Publication/812382.

Times Weekday weekend Total
Midnight - 2:59 a.m. 4% 9% 6%
3 a.m. - 5:59 a.m. 6% 7% 6%
6 a.m. - 8:59 am 15% 4% 11%
9 a.m. - 11 a.m. 8% 10% 9%
Noon - 2.59 p.m. 11% 8% 9%
3:00 p.m. -5.59 p.m. 24% 12% 19%
6 p.m. - 8.59 p.m. 20% 30% 24%
9 p.m. -11.59 p.m. 14% 21% 17%

 

Alcohol Involvement in Cyclist Fatality

Alcohol involvement of Drivers and Cyclists in Crashes Resulting in Cyclists Fatalities, 2015

Driver, BAC=.00 Driver, BAC=.00 Driver, BAC=.01–.07 Driver, Driver, BAC=.08+ Driver, BAC=.08+ Total Total
Pedalcyclist’s BCA Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
BAC=.00 511 63% 21 3% 70 9% 601 74%
BAC=.01–.07 27 3% 2 0% 6 1% 35 4%
BAC=.08+ 145 18% 8 1% 24 3% 177 22%
Total 683 84% 30 4% 100 12% 813 100%

 

Source: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/Publication/812382.

  • 27% of the pedal cyclists killed in 2015 had BACs of 0.01 g/dL and higher. In contrary, 34% of the pedal cyclists killed in 2006 had BACs of 0.01 g/dL and higher.
  • 23% of the pedal cyclists killed in 2015 has BACs of 0.08 g/dL and higher.
BAC LevelFatality Rate (2006)Fatality Rate (2015)
.01 g/dL or higher34%27%
.08 g/dL or higher28%22%

 

From the chart, we observe that pedal cyclists above age 55 who were killed in 2006 were not involved in alcoholic matters. Maybe age was a big factor for their fatalities. Even in age group 16 – 20, 80% of the killed pedal cyclists were not alcoholic.

In the age range between 21 and 54, around 35% of killed pedal cyclists were found with an alcoholic level above 0.08 g/dL.

In 2006, the 21-24 and 45-54 age groups were the highest alcoholic users at both .01+ g/dL and .08+ g/dL.

From the chart, we observe that alcoholic involvement has reduced in 2015 (27%) when compared the alcoholic involvement with the pedal cyclists who were killed in 2006 (34%).

In 2015:

  • The 25-34 and 45-54 age groups had the highest percentage of cyclist fatality injury at both the .01+ and .08+ BCA level.
2006 2015
Age Group (Years) Number of Fatalities Percentage With BAC=.00 Percentage With BAC=.01–.07 Percentage With BAC=.08+ Percentage With BAC=.01+ Number of Fatalities Percentage .With BAC=.00 Percentage With BAC=.01–.07 Percentage With BAC=.08+ Percentage With BAC=.01+
16–20 55 80% 7% 13% 20% 51 91% 2% 7% 9%
21–24 33 58% 2% 40% 42% 41 69% 5% 26% 31%
25–34 93 58% 7% 35% 42% 97 64% 7% 29% 36%
35–44 119 58% 9% 33% 42% 107 72% 6% 22% 28%
45–54 163 57% 3% 40% 43% 178 65% 3% 32% 35%
55–64 102 72% 9% 20% 28% 186 72% 6% 22% 28%
65–74 50 90% 2% 8% 10% 76 85% 3% 12% 15%
75–84 32 84% 14% 2% 16% 21 96% 0% 4% 4%
85+ 9 98% 1% 1% 2% 5 98% 2% 0% 2%
Total* 656 66% 6% 28% 34% 762 73% 5% 23% 27%

 

Bicyclist Deaths by Helmet Use

The helmet is an important thing for the cyclist. It is not only important for older cyclists but also important for young cyclists. Because, according to IIHS, 87% of bicyclist deaths range people with age 20 and above. It also says, during the last few years, no more than 17% percent of fatality injured bicyclist was wearing helmets.

According to helmets.org, In 2016, around 835 bicyclists have died in an accident where their cycles were crashed with motor vehicles. Which represents the highest number of bicyclist death since 1991. Since 1975, the deaths of bicyclist have decreased around 17%. But it’s a warning that the death rate of cyclist has been increased to 34% since 2010. Below I show you a small table to understand this.

Year range% of death increase or decrease
1975 – 2016-17%
2010 – 2016+34%

 

The deaths among the bicyclist aged below 20 years have declined to 87% since 1975 while the deaths among the bicyclist aged 20 and above have increased rapidly.

The statistic shows that the number of deaths of the bicyclist who were not using helmets is increasing day by day.

Source: https://helmets.org/stats.htm.

Year Total No of bicyclist participants (in millions) Total number of bicyclists deaths (per million participants) No of deaths while not using helmets (per million participants No of deaths while using helmets (per million participants) No of deaths from unknown sources (per million participants)
2008 94.26 7.596011033 6.938255888 0.625928283 0.031826862
2009 97.04 6.47155812 5.904781533 0.5358615 0.030915087
2010 96.52 6.382096975 4.444674679 0.973891421 1.01533361
2011 100.46 6.768863229 4.479394784 0.995421063 1.294047382
2012 104.62 6.97763334 4.482890461 1.175683426 1.319059453
2013 125.72 5.941775374 3.69074133 1.010181355 1.240852689
2014 134.16 5.389087657 3.197674419 0.87954681 1.311866428
2015 132.39 6.25424881 3.338620742 1.072588564 1.843039504
2016 133.52 6.253744757 3.175554224 1.026063511 2.052127022

 

In the above table, we can see the total number of deaths on per million participants of the cyclist from the year 2008-2016. It can be easily seen that the number of participants is gradually increasing while the number of deaths in every case gradually decreasing. Analyzing the table, we can say that the number of deaths of the cyclist who used helmets decreased rapidly than the number of deaths who didn’t use the helmets.

Vehicle Type and Impact Point for Cyclist Fatality

The statistic shows the number of cyclists killed by vehicle type and initial point of impact of the vehicle when it contacted the cyclist in single-vehicle crashes in 2015.

  • 96% of the cyclists were killed by single-vehicle crashes in 2015.
  • 84% cyclist were impacted by the front of the vehicle.
  • 45% (352 of the 783) of the cyclists were killed by light trucks.
  • Buses and large trucks have a huge pattern with respect to impact point from the passenger vehicles. The front side of the large trucks killed around one-half of the pedal cyclist and the front side of buses killed more than one-half of the pedal cyclist.
  • The right side of large trucks caused around 21% of the fatalities where for the passenger cars this was less than 6%.

Source: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/Publication/812382.

Vehicle Type Front Front Right Side Right Side Left Side Left Side Rear Rear Other/Unknown Other/Unknown Total Number
Vehicle Type Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Passenger Car 294 93% 14 4.4% 5 1.6% 5 1.6% 318
Light Trucks* 301 86% 22 6.3% 9 2.6% 10 3% 10 2.8% 352
SUV 114 88% 7 5.4% 5 3.9% 1 1% 2 1.6% 129
Pickup 140 83% 10 5.9% 4 2.4% 7 4% 8 4.7% 169
Van 44 90% 3 6.1% 2 4% 49
Other/ Unknown Light Truck 3 60% 2 40.0% 5
Large Truck 25 47% 11 20.8% 4 7.5% 8 15% 5 9.4% 53
Bus 5 56% 1 11.1% 1 11% 2 22.2% 9
Other/ Unknown Vehicle 33 65% 18 35.3% 51
Total 658 84% 48 6.1% 18 2.3% 19 2% 40 5.1% 783

 

(Visited 96 times, 1 visits today)
Katherine J.
Hi,

I'm Katherine. Passionate about cycling and kayaking.

Graduated from the University of Alabama with my major in Economics.

Writing is another thing, I do like most.

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

      Leave a reply