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Cycling Shoes: Triathlon vs. Road

The major and undoubtedly the most standout difference between a triathlon and road compatible bike shoes are the retention system used by these different categories of bike shoes. So; road shoes are designed to offer you a greater amount of stability. Moreover; the road shoe retention system is specifically built for providing you with stronger foot retention. Therefore; you’ll be having a greater amount of stability while wearing a pair of these shoes. Thanks to features such as more straps, a more rigid heel cup, and also an overall robust material construction. Furthermore; road shoes are generally a bit warmer. However; these shoes tend to retain water for a longer period of time, compared to triathlon shoes, which has an open construction. Triathlon shoes, on the other hand, have a softer heel cap. Thus; it’ll offer you a much easier entry into these shoes. Although; this may not always be the case. Lastly; most triathlon shoes are designed in a way that would remarkably enhance ventilation for your foot, keeping them dry and aerated.

The major difference between a triathlon-specific bike and a road bike

We shall be providing you with a short and concise difference between a triathlon bike and a road bike.

So; the most significant difference between triathlon bikes and conventional road bikes in the geometry of the frames of these bikes. To be more specific, this defines the angle of the seat tube. This seat tube is the long tube that extends from the bottom bracket of a bike, all the way upwards along the slanted angle to the bike’s seat. Therefore; as shown below, the angle of this tube is in relation to the horizontal line, which is drawn at the bottom bracket, constitutes the seat tube angle.

road bike

 Road Bike  

Whereas; for tri-bikes, this seat tube angle is approximately 76° to 78°. So; this is quite a bit steeper if compared to the 72° angle, which you’ll find in conventional road bikes. Therefore; this steeper angle would allow you to ride further forward on a tri-bike, giving you an additional aerodynamic position of your body.  

tri-bike

Tri-Bike (Image Credit: trinewbies.com ) 

The diagram below illustrates the position of your body, while you ride a road bike and tri-bike respectively. 

position

Image Credit: triathlonmagazine.ca

Positives of being equipped with triathlon shoes

So; you’ll have a number of advantages if you’re equipped tri-cycling shoes, these are :

  1. You can easily wear these tri-cycling shoes, effortlessly while wearing socks. Therefore; this will allow you to make a swift transition for your rides.
  2. Tri shoes generally have a solitary strap, which tends to open outwards. Whereas; road biking shoes generally have multiple straps, which you’ll need to open inwards. Hence, it’ll take you a comparatively lesser amount of time to wear a pair of these shoes, that too very easily.
  3. Tri-specific shoes tend to have an anchoring strap at the heel portion. Therefore; that’ll make it easier for you to remove this shoe while your carry puts the transition from cycling to running or vice versa.
  4. Last but not least, triathlon compatible shoes would generally be able to serve you with a greater amount of ventilation. Thus, keeping your feet cool and dry as you cycle or sprint.

Positives of being equipped with road shoes

However; you should always keep on mind that road shoes also comes with numerous advantages if you’re a triathlete, these are as follows:

  1. Thanks to the narrower design of road-compatible bike shoes, they have a comparatively lesser gliding-motion. Therefore; it’ll be able to aid you in generating an even more powerful pedaling stroke. Thus; it’ll markedly improve the overall power.
  2. So; this depends on personal preference, you may prefer going for a pair of road shoes. Especially because of the multiple straps that are designed in these shoes. Hence providing you with a better and comfortable fit.
  3. Road-cycling shoes are usually less expensive if compared to their counterparts, tri-biking shoes.
triathlon shoes vs road shoes clipped in time

Image source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T2rh0ujE5us

Taking into consideration your level of experience

So; if you happen to be a comparatively new rider, then you’ll feel tri-cycling shoes to provide you with a greater amount of comfort and convenience. More so, if you’re still following the learning curve. Also; if you’re more into racing sprints compared to long-duration races, the speed at which the transition takes place makes quite a lot of difference. We have seen many professional triathletes buying a pair of triathlon and road shoes, each. So; while they are training, they prefer using road-shoes. Whereas; during the actual racing process, they use tri-shoes. However; if you had to choose either one and are on a strict budget, then we’d recommend you choose a pair of triathlon-shoes over road-shoes. Because; you can easily transition and also avoid using socks while wearing a pair of tri-specific shoes.

Buying Guide

Let’s talk about some of the features that are common for both triathlon and road compatible biking shoes.

Starting off, both of these shoes are specifically designed for biking. However; if you’re totally new to cycling then you should know that the two key points of focus for these types of shoes are retention and stiffness.

  1. Retention: This is the process where your shoe attaches to the pedals of your bike. So; this procedure can be quite unnerving especially if you happen to be a new rider. However; there are a lot of benefits. In the old days, there used to be cage systems. Nowadays; pedals are designed with ‘clip-less’ mechanisms. Although we are clipping-in, these new pedal and shoe systems don’t have any type of clip that goes over the front of the shoe. On the other hand, triathlon and road cycling shoes invariably use a clipless foot retention system.      
  2. Stiffness: This factor is determined by the material using which the sole of the shoe is built. So; materials that are usually used to fabricate soles of these shoes include, either carbon fiber or a nylon composite compound. Therefore; this would especially aid you to transfer power efficiently between your foot and the pedaling system of your bike. Furthermore; if you’ve ever cycled in the streets where the surface is a bit supple or if you’ve used running shoes, then you’d understand that you tend to lose quite a lot of power as well as control if the soles on your shoes aren’t stiff enough. Therefore; soles of both tri-bike shoes and road-bike shoes are supposed to be stiff.       

Lastly; both tri-bike shoes and road-bikes shoes are supposed to have a type of closure system. Whereas; for some mountain bike shoes are equipped with laces of ratcheting-straps. Although; in the case of tri and road bike compatible shoes they tend to have either a BOAⓇ closure system, Velcro-straps, or even at times both of these in varying sets. The whole purpose is to keep your foot securely in position while you cycle or run. 

Moving on, let’s talk about the major differences between tri-bike shoes and road-bikes shoes.

Triathlon-bike shoes

Shoes that are designed for triathlons are made for you to make a fast and simple entry. Therefore; they tend to incorporate several features, which would help you in a prompt entry and exit.

  • Big velcro straps: These velcro straps are designed for you to be able to grab them quite easily, fasten these to secure your foot and cycle, or go for a sprint.  
  • Split tongue: Across the top of your shoe, it is specially designed to ensure that you don’t end up folding the tongue beneath your foot. Thus; avoiding you from being hurt in the process.  
  • Vast heel-loop: This feature ensures that you have access to grab on to an easy point and pull your heels back using this procedure.    

   Furthermore; there are a few factors that should especially be considered if you consider triathlons.

  • Mesh-openings in upper: This would keep your feet dry and ventilated while you’re cycling or running. Also; it’ll help your feet dry out quickly once you’re done swimming. 
  • Soft internal-materials: So; there are paddings within shoes, which ensures that the shoes you wear are comfortable. Even if you’re not wearing socks.  
  • Drainage points:  When your feet get wet the sections on the bottom of your shoe ensure that the water inside your shoes gets cleared out quickly.

Hence, the above-mentioned points are some of the features which you should look out for in a triathlon shoe. These features make triathlon shoes the perfect choice of shoes, especially for your short-courses. Moreover; if you want to put on your shoes and proceed with a quick transition then these are the right kind of shoes for you.

Road-bike shoes

Shoes that are designed to be used on road-bikes generally feature stiffer soles, a very good fit for your feet, and also comfort while cycling along long-distances.  So; if you’re a long-distance tri-athlete then you may want to save some precious minutes while wearing a pair of these shoes, thanks to its perfect fit.

  • BOAⓇ dials: These BOAⓇ dials would let you dial to attain the perfect amount of tension. Additionally; there should be many routing-options that would allow you to easily adjust to foot-contours.    
  • Heel- cups are deeper: This helps in making sure that your heels remain secured and don’t move too much within the shoe. Hence, it is another very major factor, when it comes to efficient foot-to-pedal power transfers.   
  • Smooth and closed top-portion: This upper portion of the shoe would hugely improve aerodynamics. Moreover; it’ll ensure that you attain optimal comfort even during weather conditions.

So; road shoes are generally optimized for certain types of racing. Whereas; tri-shoes are designed to provide you with top-notch performances during the course of a triathlon.  

A few other additional factors which you should take into consideration while choosing between a triathlon-specific shoe and a road-shoe are as follows: 

  • Cleat-systems: So; buying yourself a pair of cycling shoes that are compatible with triathlons and compatible with the type of bike you’re using is mandatory. So; a majority of the triathlon shoes consist of SPD  triathlon.  Furthermore; these shoes are compatible with a majority of road bikes and also it’ll be quite easy for you to lock them onto your bike.  Thus; allow you to go through an effortless and efficient transition. Also, having your cleat-systems can greatly aid you in transitions as well. Because; this will mean your shoes remain locked into your bike and allow you to make a very quick transition when you’re swimming then go on to riding and vice versa. Therefore; being able to slip your cycling shoes on and off, fast, and be able to start pedaling instantly is crucial during the course of your triathlons.  
  • Gender: Men and women are very different in a number of ways. So; this also includes their foot sizes and shapes. Therefore; you’ll require a varying type of support to attain maximum comfort, depending on your gender. However; both men and women require the same set of qualities. Shoes that are made from lightweight material are advised to be used so that this prevents any drag on your foot.  Furthermore; you should make sure that these shoes are breathable. Also; the shoes should be designed in such a way that would allow sufficient amounts of airflow. So that it prevents your foot from overheating during the course of your rides to make your triathlons that bit easier.   

FAQs

Q: Which one of these shoes has a better construction from a biometric or ergonomic view? Please explain in brief.  

A: The more effectively a shoe can get to control your foot in the cycling shoe, the greater amount of force you’ll be able to generate into the pedals in the process. So; if you’re a beginner, a blend of stability and rigidity in your choice of materials would allow you to generate more effective amounts of force. Thus; this means your foot has a better overall potential to do work. However; it is also vital that you start by building a solid foundation underneath your foot. Therefore; this generally means choosing a pair of shoes that have a properly constructed and rigid insole. Lastly; the cleat-system setup and the right amount of rotation are vital for you to help maintain pedaling stability and prevent yourself from any potential injuries.

Q: Why do a few professional triathletes/cyclists wear regular road cycling shoes even during a competition?

A:  This is because nothing other than the possibility of attaining optimal performance from wearing a pair of these shoes.  Also; you may intend to increase overall foot retention while being equipped with these shoes. However; you will end up sacrificing quite a bit of retention time if you do wear a pair of regular cycling shoes.

Q: Can mountain bike shoes be an option? Can these be worn during competitions as well? Would mountain bike shoes be compatible with long-distance races? If not, then why not?

A: There have been times when people wear a pair of mountain bike shoes during triathlons. However; these are more likely to happen for newbies, who are quite new to triathlons. Also; athletes who are not fully confident about putting on their shoes while they are on a bike. Generally; people who tend to wear mountain-biking shoes put on these shoes during the transition period and then go running wearing these and later on proceed on starting their bike instead of running barefoot. Although; one major drawback of wearing a pair of mountain biking shoes is their weight. You can easily put on an additional 100 grams of weight per shoe. This would also affect your performances during long-distances events and require you to transfer greater amounts of energy while you’re running.

Q: Why are the soles of triathlon biking shoes slightly lifted along the toe accommodating area? Does this seem like a good idea?      

A:  Both tri-bike and road-bike shoes are designed from the same mold of soles, this is done with the cost of production kept in mind. So; a moderately elevated toe-section within the sole of the shoe would aid you in activating the windlass mechanism in your foot. Hence, this will aid you in the propulsion phase, with your every pedaling stroke. However; there is more to it than simply this, in general, but having a raised toe-section would enhance your overall performance.

Q: Are soles made from carbon a better option compared to soles constructed from synthetic material? 

A: Soles made from carbon are usually of superior quality and also stiffer. Hence in the process able to offer you a better overall performance. Also; the strength-to-weight ratio can be very good and remain balanced at the same time. The stiffness of the soles of a shoe, especially a length provides better all-round mechanical performance as the energy is more efficiently transferred from your foot to the pedals of your bike. Moreover; a complex sole construction and a premium quality carbon usage would aid you with a rotational deflection in the soles of your shoe. Thus enhance overall performance and helps reduce potential losses in torque at the pedals. During the course of a triathlon, the overall torque profile is much smoother and very even at lower peak loads. So; this impacts performance less. However; there always exists a chance of affecting the performance. 

One plus side of using a nylon-composite material sole is it would offer you greater durability to the soles of your shoes. So; this is quite important if you are used to walking a lot, this applies to both triathletes and cyclists as well.

Q: How is an ideal tri-bike shoe supposed to be designed in order to attain maximum comfort and minimum losses in power transmission?

A: A pair of shoes that fits your well, having a stiff sole would be able to serve you with the best possible outcome. So; a mechanism is used to firmly hold your shoe perfectly level on your bike using small-sized straps systems. Hence, this will assist you in adding convenience during competitions. Also; wider designed velcro-strap footwear closure systems would help provide your foot with the best possible retention system and also make it easier for you to use.      

Conclusion

To put in a nutshell, if you’re into long-distance cycling and specifically require a shoe for racing purposes, then the road-bike compatible shoes would serve your purpose. Moreover; road-shoes would be able to offer you road-biking features and enhanced performance, compared to that of tri-cycling shoes. Furthermore; you’d be more suited to use a pair of shoes that have a BOAⓇ closure system, compared to velcro straps. Because; a BOAⓇ closure system would allow you to carry out quick, effortless, and precise adjustments. Moreover; you won’t be required to fix and unfix these every time like the Velcro straps, to make these shoes a good fit for your feet.  At the end of the day, what matters is your personal preference. Therefore; be absolutely sure to not let price be the only detrimental factor. What is of utmost importance is if you’re feeling comfortable and content while you put on a pair of these shoes. Lastly; ensure that the shoes which you end up choosing, fulfill your racing objectives.

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Dion Lewis
My name is Dion Lewis.

I’ve been cycling from my childhood. When I was in high school, I started racing in our local competitions.

At my college life, I took a part time job in a bicycle shop and I learned how to repair and maintain bicycles professionally.

Though I love racing, mountain biking is another thing I do frequently. My friends, neighbors, and colleagues treat me as an avid rider and take my suggestions while they plan for a new bike or a bike gear.

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